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Doctrine of the Church

Doctrine of the Church - Ecclesiology

The church began on the day of Pentecost, with the coming of the Holy Spirit in its new work of sealing and permanently indwelling believers. However the church was planned by God prior to Him creating mankind and kept a secret/mystery until after the crucifixion.

1Cr 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, [even] the hidden [wisdom], which God ordained before the world unto our glory:

Eph 5:32 This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church. Col 1:26 [Even] the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:

2Cr 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." (Matthew 16:17-19)

The Church is the body of Christ; it belongs to him and is an intimate part of him. A key purpose of the church is clear, from the mouth of our Lord Jesus Christ himself:

Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." (Matthew 28:18-20)

But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth. (Acts 1:8)

A major theme of the book of Acts is the growth of the church (spread of the Gospel) through ACTS of the apostles.

The New Testament uses several metaphors to describe the church. The church is said to be a body and Christ is the head and has control of the body (Eph. 1:22-23; Col 1:18). A corollary to this metaphor is the unity of the church it implies, for the body cannot function well without all of it parts, or without the head (intelligence) to control it. The church is also referred to as the bride of Christ.

Paul says that just as the husband is the head of the wife, so Christ is the head of His bride, the church. Christ demonstrates His love for His bride by giving His life for her (Eph 5:23; Rev. 19:7).

Paul also draws analogies to a building - Jew and Gentiles are united into one; Christ is the one who breaks down the barrier of the dividing wall (Eph. 2:11-18). Further, the church is built upon the foundation of the Apostles, with Christ the corner stone (Eph. 2:20). Believers of all ages are the living stones being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood (1 Pet. 2:5).

In John, Jesus refers to His followers as a flock of sheep, of which, he is the good Shepard (John 10:16).

Moreover, in John 15, Jesus refers to believers as branches of His vine. The Vine provides sustenance to the branches and the branches are pruned so that they might bear more fruit. Therefore a person must be attached to Christ in order to be a member of God's Church.

Please do a search (research) on the Internet on Doctrine of the Church / Ecclesiology.